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Photoshop Standard Text Dialog Box
PhotoTools Text Dialog Box
PhotoText is surrounded by an array of tools
to add, manipulate and position text. The editing is done in text
blocks of any size and number.
Use it to pick a color directly off the image.
It also has a magnifier to zoom in to find that exact color.
The RGB read-out gives exact values. Switch back to the pointer and
the RGB read-out changes to precise X and Y coordinate
The height portion of a type face determines the
point size. Ascenders, descenders, and width are not considered. So
depending on these other factors, type can be taller, shorter, wider,
- Helvetica 23 point Font
- Times New Roman 23 pt. Font
- Brush Script MT Italic 23 pt. Font
- Microsoft created Arial to replace the classic
Times New Roman 12 point font is considered a
good default size for body copy. Notice that if Helvetica or Brush
Script MT Italic 12 point fonts were used in place of the Times New
Roman, the body copy area would change affecting the layout.
Many children, senior citizens, and adults
with reading glasses prefer a larger type size than Times New Roman
12 points for their body copy.
- 12 points in a pica
- 6 picas in 1 inch
Kerning: Tracking or Character Spacing
Kerning is an aesthetic regard for the
negative space between characters. Study the two kerned samples
to the left. The difference is subtle.
I prefer the letter spacing of the lower sample
but kerning is a personal judgment call. The only difference between
them is the kerning pair "Ty".
Most computer fonts today are proportionally
spaced, meaning they are pre-kerned. Custom kerning is very labor
intensive and it is usually reserved for use on large display type.
Courier is the infamous non-proportional type carried over to PC's
from the typewriter.
Many DTP applications use the term
"tracking" for kerning. Microsoft Word refers
to kerning as "character spacing."
When I began this tutorial,
I was using PhotoTools 1.0. Extensis gave me an upgrade to
PhotoTools 2.0 after I discovered a bug.
Unfortunately, it still has a critical flaw.
It discounts the font's kerning pair information. This cripples the
power of PhotoText. Extensis is working to correct the problem in
The PhotoText example given at the beginning
of this Text section still gives a strong idea for how text might
be handled in future Photoshop upgrades. I still recommend
Extensis PhotoTools for their other power packed
- PhotoButtons, and more.
The space between lines of type, measured
base-to-base in points. A 14-point type has a standard leading of
18 points (120%). Leading is a term left over from the hot-metal
typesetting days, in which strips of lead were inserted between
lines of type.
A typeface can include many fonts. Helvetica
is a typeface. A 16-point Helvetica is different from a 24-point
Helvetica and from a 16-point Helvetica Italic. A font includes all
of the type capitals and lowercase letters, numerics, and
punctuation marks of one typeface in a specific point size.
Serif and Sans Serif Fonts
Serifs are the ornamental finishing strokes at
the end of the main strokes, such as the "feet" at the
bottom of the Times New Roman "F".
Sans is the French word for "without".
It is a blend of Latin sine and absentia, in the absence of. It also
has another name, Gothic. Compared to Gothic, Serif has more of a
Romanesque presence. This sans serif example is Helvetica.
RAGGED AND FULLY JUSTIFIED TYPE
Left justified This is a text block. This
a a left justified text block. This a left justified text
Center justified This is a text block.
This is a center justified text block. This is a center justified
Right justified This is a text block.
This is a right justified text block. This is a right justified
Fully justified type has all
its .lines .
the .same .
(unless they're .
end of a paragraph.),
ducing even left
. and .
margins.The word spacing
.and hyphenation is
used as necessary.
Comment: As a graphic element, fully
justified type looks great. Unfortunately, it is hard to read.
The default ragged left justified setting works for most
general purpose uses. Compare and make your own judgment.
This completes this section. The next section
is the Real World Example. You might take a breather before moving
on. The following section is fun but intense.
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