There are several <INPUT> types offering different GUI options. Each of them has its own set of specialized attributes that define its operation.
However, all <INPUT> tags share two common attributes: TYPE and NAME
The TYPE attribute defines what type of interface widget the <INPUT> tag will define.
The NAME attribute specifies the variable name that the browser should use for this widget when it prepares the name/value pairs in the HTTP request.
Thus, the following generic input tag would create a text field interface widget (we will talk more about the text field widget in just a bit) and assign it to the name "fname"
<INPUT TYPE = "TEXT" NAME = "fname">
When the user enters data into the input widget, that data will be paired with the name as the VALUE portion of a name/value pair and be encoded for the HTTP request.
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